Humans have an innate ability to reason, a reason to judge, and a reason to construct. These comprise our “cognitive” processes. Our ability to reason can be likened to our ability to obtain environmental knowledge. However, we haven’t been genetically built to reason. Our cognitive processes evolved over eons of time from important survival tasks. Our ability to reason is based on our understanding of how we acquired knowledge over thousands of years.
It’s common to think that psychology is a theory, but psychology is a fact. While it is often about understanding people, it’s also about understanding ourselves. As such, psychology is both the study of human behavior and how people understand themselves. With a solid foundation in the basics of human psychology, you can improve your relationships, manage your life, and better understand yourself.
What is Human Psychology?
Human psychology studies the human mind and behavior, focusing on the functions and processes of the psyche, the brain, and behavior. Areas of study include behavior, emotion, cognition, personality, perception, and psychobiology. The field of psychology has a history of more than 2,500 years that evolved from the philosophy of ancient civilizations, such as the Greeks and Romans. Psychologists study various types, ranging from physical and biological to social. But let’s take a quick look at some of the basic facts of psychology.
Does Psychology Use Scientific Method?
Psychology is one of the most well-researched and well-documented sciences available today. Psychologists use scientific methods to study human behavior and make predictions about people’s behavior. The science of psychology relies on repeatable experiments and observations. The best-known application of scientific methods in psychology is psychology as a science or experimental psychology. Psychologists use experiments to answer research questions and make predictions about how people behave.
Psychology Has Different Perspective
Psychologists take multiple perspectives on many issues. For example, psychologists study the mental processes, biological factors, and social and environmental factors that play a role in an individual’s development. Psychologists also study the interrelationship among these factors—not just individual differences but similarities and similarities among groups to understand and develop interventions across human diversity.
Here are Different Perspectives of Psychology:
Biological psychologists study minds and behavior through the lens of physiology, neuroscience, and evolution. Science gives us insight into how our brains and bodies work, but psychologists still face major challenges in understanding the biological basis of behavior.
- Cognitive Perspective
Cognitive psychologists believe that human beings function as individuals; in other words, they think and reflect in their own unique way. Synergists believe that people are pretty much “cut out” of the same mold and that things and events that occur to people in one part of the world will affect those people the same way all over the world.
- Behavioral Perspective
Psychologists believe that behaviors are learned and can be unlearned. The psychomotor approach emphasizes action, movement, and observable behaviors. Behaviorism is based on the idea that behavior behaves. Behaviorism is based on observable behavior. The cognitive-behavioral approach focuses on changing thoughts, feelings, and behaviors.
- Evolutionary Perspective
An evolutionary perspective is a psychological science that views human behavior as a function of the innate biological and emotional factors that support evolution. Evolutionary psychology builds on evolutionary theory, the notion that the behavior of the organism is determined by its genes and its environment for selection. Evolutionary psychologists argue that human behavior is shaped by natural selection, such that human psychological traits are adaptations that enhance the chances of survival and reproduction.
- Humanistic Perspective
The Humanistic Perspective in Psychology focuses on individual personal abilities and their potential. The Humanistic Perspective is grounded in the belief that every individual has intrinsic value and that every person has the inherent capacity to make decisions concerning themselves.
Psychology Has a Lot of Subfields
Psychology is, essentially, the study of the mind and behavior. Still, the field has subfields that study specific aspects of it: developmental psychology deals with how people change over time, abnormal psychology studies behaviors that are abnormal or pathological, clinical psychology studies human behaviors with the help of therapy, business psychology studies the psychology and behavior of people from the business world. The field of applied psychology focuses on the uses of psychology, and developmental psychology is a subfield of applied psychology, as is social psychology.
Psychology is a broad subject, and its subfields are just as broad, making it hard to pinpoint exactly what kind of psychology students major in. When looking at the profiles of psychology majors, for example, you’ll see a few common subfields, including clinical psychology, child psychology, social psychology, and clinical psychology.
There Is More to Psychology
Psychology is more than mental health. It’s one of the most misunderstood fields around. Most people associate psychology with dealing with mental illness, when in reality, the discipline is vast, encompassing studies into how people think, feel, and behave. In short, it’s about finding out about ourselves.
While the term psychology refers to psychological studies, the field of psychology as a whole encompasses many different disciplines. Psychology encompasses many areas of study, including child psychology, clinical psychology, developmental, social, personality psychology, psychopharmacology, and psychosexual evaluation.
Psychology Is Everywhere Around Us
Psychology is everywhere around us. Look at the world that is around us people walking on the street, families, friends, people shopping, people sleeping, people working. And all these people have different personalities, thoughts, and perceptions. Psychology is everywhere.
It can be found in books, newspapers, TV, radio, and even on the internet, including this blog. It is all around us, whether consciously aware of it or not. It makes me think that a book with the title “How Psychology is All Around You” is inaccurate since psychology is all around us every day, and thus, that title is spot on.
Human beings are social hunters who have developed through evolution into distinct species, each with specialized methods, behaviors, and motivations. Humans have brains and bodies that are physically different from each other. Human psychology is the study of mental processes in humans, including perception, cognition, emotion, and behavior. Cognitive psychology attempts to understand cognition as a general feature of the human mind, while social psychology attempts to understand the psychological mechanisms that underlie social behavior. Learning psychology attempts to understand the process of acquiring new knowledge and behavior.