Best IV Room Practices: 5 Dos and Don’ts

Posted December 18, 2020 by in Health + Fitness

Never discount the importance of safety in the healthcare industry. The IV room shows why this is of great importance. A single mistake here could have deadly consequences. The following five areas serve as examples of best IV room practices:


Any person working in an IV room needs to comply with all state and federal laws. However, they need to take this further and ensure they remain in compliance with national standards as well. This remains one area where a person cannot be too careful. Conform to accreditation and credential standards, where applicable, when working in this area.

The sterility of the room must remain the top priority due to the work taking place in the area, as IV Compounding and other tasks completed in the room save lives. Make certain everyone entering the area knows these laws, wears the appropriate garments, and that all specialized equipment remains functional to prevent issues.


When working in an IV room, individuals must recognize the IV room environment serves as only one part of the equation. Who do individuals introduce into the environment when they enter this space? Anyone with a rash, weeping sore, pink eye, respiratory infection, or sunburn should never enter this space, as they could contaminate it.

In addition, men and women need to change their clothing before entering the IV room and remove all visible jewelry and piercings. Keep cosmetics, artificial nails, and nail polish away from the IV room also to prevent contamination of any materials.

Hand Washing

Thanks to the global pandemic, men, women, and children everywhere wash their hands more frequently. However, anyone who works in an IV room has been doing this for a while as part of their job duties.

Use a nail cleaner to remove any debris present under the fingernails and wash the hands for at least 30 seconds with soap and water. When doing so, wash the forearms to prevent contamination of the room. Only use lint-free disposable towels to dry the hands and forearms after washing.

Follow up with a waterless alcohol-based hand sanitizer before putting on the sterile gloves.

Don’t Reuse

Although personal protective equipment has been in short supply thanks to the global pandemic, people should never reuse items when working in an IV room. Upon exiting the sterile space, throw away any face masks or eye shields and gloves. Dispose of hair, facial hair, and shoe covers, so people won’t reuse them for any reason.

If using a gown in non-HD areas, however, remove and save it for future use when there are no visible stains. Any soil present on the gown should lead to its immediate disposal.

Clean and Disinfect

Know the guidelines for cleaning different areas of an IV room and follow these guidelines strictly. For instance, ISO-5 surfaces need cleaning monthly, if not more often, and this includes the area under the work surface. Upon completion of this task, the individual needs to document which solutions were used and contact time.

However, when compounding different HDs, the area needs to be decontaminated, cleaned, and disinfected before any work begins on the next HD. Clean all surfaces following a spill, before and after certification, and more. This area can never be too sterile.

Employ these best room practices today to provide the highest level of care for your patients. However, don’t stop here. Take this further and review practices regularly to ensure you have the latest information and remain in compliance at all times. Lives depend on it.

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