Common Joint Disorders in Dogs

Posted March 16, 2021 by in Lifestyle

Watching your pup suffering from joint pain is miserable and a pet owner will do anything to save their pet from such misery. To relieve your pet, you must know the problem and its solutions.

Along with hip dysplasia, being the most common joint problem in dogs, there are plenty of other problems. Some difficulties are genetic, while others have different reasons. Some changes in regular routine and diet can help in reducing the prevalence of hip dysplasia in dogs as well as other common joint problems:

Elbow Dysplasia

If your pet is facing stiff joints or difficulty moving the joints freely, there are chances he is suffering from elbow dysplasia. Abnormal growth of the elbow joint is the main characteristic of this disease. This disease is most common in large breeds and happens at a growing age.

Problems appear between the ages of 4 to 8 months, but mostly the disease is not diagnosed before the pup grows up more than one year. Diagnosis of the disease also requires a physical examination and sometimes X-ray tests and checking for the symptoms of the disease. Both elbows should be tested because Elbow Dysplasia attacks both elbows.

If this disease is left untreated, the disease grows up into osteoarthritis. In this case, the joints are filled up with fluid causing a crackling or tickling sound from the elbows due to weakness. Surgery is the solution to Elbow Dysplasia before its conversion to osteoarthritis. After surgery, anti-inflammatory drugs help resist pain and inflammation.

Osteochondrosis

This disease is common in medium and large breeds. It happens due to the abnormal production of cartilage and bone structure. The cartilage breaks down and separates itself from the related bone. Space becomes filled up with the fluid, and cavities are formed.

Cartilage and bone get separated, and the cartilage segments move freely in the joint area. If the cartilage breakdown remains continuous, it results in serious problems and reduction of movement. Severe inflammation may also occur.

This disease is somehow genetic but also occurs due to diet. It is characterized by the signs of laziness, difficulty, and pain while moving, inflammation, and fluid production in the joints.

The pet is diagnosed by physical examination and X-ray tests. In severe cases, CT scans are also useful to examine the situation. Surgery is required to treat Osteochondrosis. It involves using an endoscope- arthrography. The segments of cartilage are removed with the help of surgery. Anti-inflammatory drugs are helpful. Fluid building drugs are also significant. Your proper care can help your pup to recover soon.

Displacement of the Kneecap

This disease is related to genes and can affect a breed of any age. In this disease, the production of the kneecap is observed abnormally high. This abnormal development leads to plenty of deformities of hip joints and hindlimb. This situation is also characterized by difficulty in movement and a false gait.

The examination is a must to see whether the case is mild or severe. If the displacement is mild, the kneecap can be quickly reformed to its position by using simpler means. If left untreated, the case becomes painful, and surgery is needed to cure the pain. In these cases, high displacement of the kneecap also affects other bones. X-rays and other tests are carried out to check the deformity.

Surgery’s nature depends upon the severity of the case. Minor and significant both surgeries can put the kneecap back, and a full recovery is assured.

Septic Arthritis

This is an infectious joint disease. Like most other infections, this is also caused by some bacterial invasion into the blood through a wound or surgery. Various fevers also become reasons for this type of arthritis.

The problem can be solved if treated earlier. Long-term septic arthritis causes other deformities. Signs of this disease include laziness, fever, loss of hunger, inflammation, pain in the joints, and stiffness. The fluid from the body of the dog is examined in the laboratory. Based on reports, surgery of removing the dead and deformed cells or injecting antibiotics is prescribed.

Antibiotics help a lot if the case is mild. They can be administered orally or injected intravenously.

Aseptic Necrosis of the Femoral Head

This disease is common in small breeds of dogs. It includes a reduction of blood supply and destruction of blood tubes in the legs. In this way, the femoral head is deformed. This is also a hereditary problem. An immediate blockage in the supply of blood causes the tiny blood vessels to burst. This situation is harmful to hip joints.

This disease shows symptoms of difficulty in movement, pain, and inflammation in hip joints. If left untreated, it can also affect other joints and bones. Tests are carried out to check the severity of the disease. If it is mild, it can be cured by physical therapy.

In case of severe and long-term disease, surgery is the only option where the affected femur is removed.


We hope these tips helped you find the best ways to help your fur baby.