For missing or damaged teeth, dentists will recommend either direct or indirect dental restorations.
When all the fabrication happens inside the mouth (e.g., fillings and direct dental bonding), it’s considered a direct form of restoration. Indirect restorations, on the other hand, require the fabrication of some or all parts by a dental lab. These include veneers, bridges, implants, inlays, onlays, and crowns.
Now, if your dentist has suggested a cap for your dental issue, it’s good to know a bit about the different types of dental crowns. Here, we’ll talk about the procedure, who’s a good candidate for it, and the pros and cons of each type of dental crown.
What Are Teeth Caps or Dental Crowns?
A cap or crown is a protective prosthetic for a damaged tooth. It’s a great option if you have a cavity that’s too large for a filling or if your tooth is cracked, weakened, or quite worn down. Dentists will also recommend a dental crown for patients who’ve had a root canal or after putting in a tooth implant.
As for the procedure, it can be a one-day process, or it can take multiple visits. If your dentist has a lab that can make permanent crowns, the whole thing takes about 2 to 4 hours. However, if your dentist can’t make crowns in his or her office, you’ll need a temporary crown.
On your second visit, your dentist will fit you with a more permanent crown. This should last you a long time (up to 15 years) if you diligently follow your dentist’s aftercare instructions.
4 Types of Dental Crowns
Choosing the right type of dental crown will depend on your budget, dental issue, and the recommendation of your dentist. To sum up, your four options are:
A ceramic or porcelain crown looks the most natural. If your missing or damaged teeth are at the front, your dentist will most likely recommend porcelain teeth caps.
Compared to metal crowns, though, they’re not as strong, so you have to take good care of them. Plus, if you grind your teeth, your dentist might suggest you opt for a more durable crown, such as gold alloy.
- Porcelain Fused to Metal (PFM)
Aside from being more durable than ceramic crowns, PFM crowns are also more affordable, but the downside is, they don’t look as natural as all-porcelain crowns.
The metal portion can also cause a gray line at the gumline. Another disadvantage is if you have bruxism, it could wear down the surrounding teeth more quickly.
- Gold Alloys
Looks-wise crowns made from gold alloys can’t compare to PFM or ceramic crowns. This is why dentists recommend them for back teeth restorations.
However, they’re extremely durable. With proper care, they can last a long time because they wear down slowly, similar to natural enamel.
- Base Metal Alloys
Another durable option, base metal alloys are made up of non-noble metals. These are corrosion- resistant and have no negative effects on the surrounding teeth.
Like gold alloys, though, they don’t look like natural teeth. And if you’re allergic to chromium or nickel, you might not be a good candidate for base metal alloy crowns.
Want to Know More About Dental Restorations?
Now that you know the different types of dental crowns don’t stop here. Try to learn about your other options, such as veneers and bridges. For more information on your other options, don’t hesitate to browse our other posts.
We also have other health and fitness articles that you might want to check out.